|Human Genome Project Site Reviews(0)
Begun formally in 1990, the U.S. Human Genome Project was a 13-year effort coordinated by the U.S. Department of Energy and the National Institutes of Health. The project originally was planned to last 15 years, but rapid technological advances accelerated the completion date to 2003. Project goals were to:
-identify all the approximately 20,000-25,000 genes in human DNA,
-determine the sequences of the 3 billion chemical base pairs that make up human DNA,
-store this information in databases,
improve tools for data analysis,
transfer related technologies to the private sector, and
address the ethical, legal, and social issues (ELSI) that may arise from the project.
To help achieve these goals, researchers also studied the genetic makeup of several nonhuman organisms. These include the common human gut bacterium Escherichia coli, the fruit fly, and the laboratory mouse.
Added: Jul 31, 2005 Last Update: Jul 31, 2005 Category: H Hits Out: 9